IBE Bylaws

Article I MEMBERSHIP
Section 1   
  1. The Membership Committee may approve for member an individual who has an earned bachelor's degree in a field consistent with the purposes of the INSTITUTE or has three years of experience in a field consistent with the purposes of the INSTITUTE.
  2. A member shall be entitled to all rights and privileges of membership as provided in these Bylaws.

Section 2   
  1. The Membership Committee may approve for member an individual who is an undergraduate or graduate student enrolled in a curriculum in a degree program consistent with the purposes of the INSTITUTE.
  2. Student status shall be certified by an Official of the University.
  3. A member who is a student shall be entitled to all rights and privileges of membership except that of holding an elected position of the INSTITUTE, other than offices specifically identified in the Bylaws, for example, student representative of the Council.

Section 3   
  1. The Membership Committee may approve as an associate member an individual who is a member of an affiliate professional society.
  2. Associate membership shall only be available to individuals who have not previously been regular members of the INSTITUTE. Individuals must maintain concurrent membership in the affiliate society while an affiliate of the INSTITUTE.
  3. An associate member shall be entitled to all rights and privileges of membership as provided in these Bylaws except from voting or holding any elected position of the INSTITUTE.
  4. Associate membership can be converted to regular membership at any time, provided the member pays the appropriate dues differential.

Section 4   
  1. The Membership Committee may recommend and the Council approve honorary membership for any member who petitions the Membership Committee and who meets all of the following requirements.
    1. A member who has served as member of the INSTITUTE or another professional society for a total of 35 years.
    2. A member who has demonstrated distinction in performance and service towards the furtherance of the objects of the INSTITUTE as recognized by the Membership Committee.
  2. An honorary member shall be entitled to all rights and privileges of membership except that of holding an elected position of the INSTITUTE.

Section 5   
The membership year shall be from January 1 through December 31.
Section 6   
Membership in the INSTITUTE and the obligations for dues continue automatically unless a member's resignation is received by the Membership Committee prior to the end of the calendar year for which dues have been paid. Members whose dues payments have not been received by June 1 shall be dismissed from membership in the INSTITUTE.
Section 7   
The Executive Committee of the Council may dismiss any member, student member, or honorary member in writing for nonpayment of dues or for conduct which adversely affects the reputation of the INSTITUTE or which is contrary to its objects.
Section 8   
Members may appeal in writing within sixty days decisions of the Executive Committee of the Council. Appeals will be investigated and evaluated by the Membership Committee which will make a recommendation to the Council for final action.


Article II FINANCES
Section 1   
The Executive Committee, in consultation with the Council, shall approve the annual budget of the INSTITUTE, allocating funds as deemed necessary for its objects.
Section 2   
Annual membership dues shall be approved by the Council.


Article III OFFICERS
Section 1   
The elected officers of the INSTITUTE shall be a President, a President-elect, a Past-President, a Secretary and a Treasurer.
Section 2   
The officers of the INSTITUTE shall serve as the Executive Committee of the INSTITUTE which shall have the responsibility of the overall implementation of the policies of the INSTITUTE. The Officers shall also serve as officers of the Corporation.
Section 3   
The Treasurer shall be the legal custodian of all funds of the INSTITUTE. The investment and expenditure of funds shall be made by the Treasurer, consistent with the budget approved by the Council.
Section 4   
  1. The offices of President, President-Elect and Past-President are each one year terms, with the person elected President-Elect serving as President and then Past-President in subsequent consecutive years.
  2. The Secretary and Treasurer shall each serve two year terms, with terms commencing in alternate years. The term of the Secretary shall begin in odd-numbered years and the Treasurer in even-numbered year.
  3. The term of office for the incoming elected officers shall commence at the end of the annual business meeting of the INSTITUTE.




Article IV COUNCIL
Section 1   
  1. The deliberative assembly of the INSTITUTE shall be known as the Council, and it shall be composed of the Executive Committee of the INSTITUTE and additional Councilors as elected by the INSTITUTE or its Communities as provided for in the Bylaws.
  2. Nine Councilors shall be elected by the INSTITUTE from the membership at large. Five of the Councilors shall be elected to begin their terms in the odd-numbered year and four shall begin in even-numbered years.
  3. One Councilor shall be elected by the INSTITUTE from the undergraduate student membership at large.
  4. One Councilor shall be elected by the INSTITUTE from the graduate student membership at large.
  5. Each Community shall elect one Councilor.
  6. The Editor-in-Chief of the Journal of Biological Engineering and the Editor of the IBE Newsletter will serve as ex-officio councilors.
  7. The term of office for the incoming elected councilors shall commence at the end of the annual business meeting of the INSTITUTE.

Section 2   
  1. The nine Councilors at-large shall serve two year terms commencing January 1 and ending December 31. All Councilors at-large are eligible to serve a maximum of two consecutive two-year terms in the same or different positions. Eligibility is restored after a lapse of one year.
  2. The undergraduate student Councilor shall serve a one year term commencing January 1 and ending December 31.
  3. The graduate student Councilor shall serve a one year term commencing January 1 and ending December 31.
  4. The Communities Councilors shall serve two year terms commencing January 1 and ending December 31.

Section 3   
  1. The President of the INSTITUTE shall be the Chair of the Council and shall serve as presiding officer of the Council. The Chair of the Council shall guide the Council of the following duties:
    1. to plan the general agenda for each Council meeting.
    2. to conduct long-range planning studies of concern to the future of the INSTITUTE.
    3. to investigate allegations, in cooperation with the Elections Committee, of improper election procedures in Communities.
  2. The Secretary of the INSTITUTE shall be the Secretary of the Council.

Section 4   

Committees of the Council shall be chaired by INSTITUTE members who shall preside at Committee meetings (7/98). Each Committee Chair shall serve a one year term, commencing before January 15 of each year.

  1. The Bylaws committee has the following duties:
    1. to maintain and distribute to membership Bylaws as necessary.
    2. to bring amendments to the Bylaws to the Council for consideration.
    It shall be composed of the President-Elect, the immediate Past President, and at least one other member. The President-Elect shall serve as chair.

  2. The Nominations/Elections committee has the following duties:
    1. to receive nominations for Officers and Councilors at-large from the members of the INSTITUTE, supplementing those nominations as necessary to insure broad technical and geographical representation among the nominees.
    2. to coordinate elections of Officers and Councilors of the INSTITUTE.
    3. to monitor timely selection of INSTITUTE committee members.
    4. to receive and maintain names of Chapter and Community officers.
    5. to investigate, in cooperation with the President, allegations of improper election procedures in Chapters and Communities.
    It shall be composed of the past two Presidents and one additional member of the INSTITUTE. The immediate Past-President shall serve as the chair.


  3. The Publications committee has the following duties:
    1. to develop and maintain a system of publications (books, journals and scientific communications, newsletters, etc.) to meet the needs of biological engineers, scientists, technologists and allied professionals.
    2. to supervise publication operations.
    3. to consult with editors concerning editorial policy.
    4. to receive publication suggestions and to make recommendations to the Council concerning publications.
    Membership shall include the Editor of the Journal of Biological Engineering and the Newsletter editor.

  4. The Public Relations committee has the following duties:
    1. to develop and implement programs for the advancement of the profession of biological engineering.
    2. to cooperate with other societies and institutes in advancing public recognition of the professional status of biological engineering.
    3. to develop programs which promote the understanding and appreciation of biological engineering to the public.
    4. to develop a social media presence for IBE (web page, facebook, blog, wiki, etc.)

  5. The Meetings committee has the following duties:
    1. to study options and to make recommendations to the Council regarding meeting dates, locations, and themes.
    2. to monitor quality/effectiveness of meetings sponsored by the Institute.
    3. to make recommendations for improvements of meetings to the Council.
    4. to coordinate with the Local Arrangements and Program Coordinators on issues related to specific program needs for each meeting.

  6. The Membership committee has the following duties:
    1. to make recommendations to the Council concerning policies for membership.
    2. to investigate appeals from dismissed members and to report findings to the Council.
    3. to develop membership recruitment efforts.

  7. The Student Activities committee has the following duties:
    1. to promote student involvement in all Institute activities.
    2. to make recommendations to the Council concerning student policies, accreditation, continuing education, and professional registration for biological engineers.
    3. to consider petitions for the formation of new academic Chapters.
    4. to make recommendations to the Council for formations and/or dissolutions of Chapters.
    5. to promote cooperation and communication among Chapters.
    6. to assist Chapters and Communities in coordinating their efforts among each other and with the INSTITUTE.
    7. to collect and make available to the membership the names of officers of Chapters
    8. to review status of Chapters.

  8. The Recognitions/Awards committee has the following duties:
    1. to identify and recommend appropriate awards to the Council.
    2. to establish and recommend policy for recognitions and awards for the INSTITUTE.
    3. to receive nominations for recognitions and awards that are given by the INSTITUTE.
    4. to administer recognitions and awards activities.

  9. The Council may provide for other Committees to consider and report upon INSTITUTE matters within the Council's jurisdiction.

Section 5   
The Council shall meet not less than once each year. In any session of the Council, sixty-seven percent of the voting Councilors shall constitute a quorum. The Council shall meet in person at the annual meeting of the INSTITUTE. Other meetings can be convened in person or by other bi-directional communication modalities.
Section 6   
All actions of the Council shall be made by simple majority vote, except that of discontinuing Communities or Chapters, which shall be made by a two-thirds vote.


Article V ELECTIONS
Section 1   
Nominations for the Election of Officers of the INSTITUTE shall be made in writing to the Nominations and Elections Committee of the INSTITUTE by September 30 of the year preceding the term in office. Ballots will be made available to all members of the INSTITUTE for at least two weeks prior to the close of balloting. Completed ballots shall be due to the Nominations and Elections Committee for tally by November 1 of the year preceding the term in office.
Section 2   
Nominations for the Councilors of the INSTITUTE shall be made in writing to the Nominations and Elections Committee by September 30 of the year preceding the term in office. Ballots will be made available to all members of the INSTITUTE for at least two weeks prior to the close of balloting. Completed ballots shall be due to the Nominations and Elections Committee for tally by November 1 of the year preceding the term in office.
Section 3   
In the event that a Councilor resigns or is elected to an Office of the Institute, a new Councilor will be appointed by the President to complete that Councilor’s term. This appointment will be made in consultation with the Nominations and Elections Committee.
Section 4   
  1. The INSTITUTE Branches are referred to as Communities. Each Community shall elect by ballot of Community membership a Community Chair, Community Treasurer and Community Secretary by November 1 of the year preceding the term in office. A list of these officers, certified by the Community Councilor, must be supplied to the Nominations and Elections Committee by January 1 of the year of the term in office. Other officers may be elected by a Community as necessary to further its purposes.
  2. Each Community shall elect a Councilor, if necessary for that year, by ballot of Community membership.  Balloting shall be completed by November 1 of the year preceding the term in office. The name of the elected Councilor, certified by the Community Councilor in office, must be supplied to the Nominations and Elections Committee of the INSTITUTE by November 15 of the same year.



Article VI Communities
Section 1   

Members of the INSTITUTE with a common interest in either a technical or geographic area may organize into a Community . Each Community shall be headed by an Executive Committee.

  1. Any 5 members of the INSTITUTE may request in a signed petition to the Committee on Communities and Chapters for authorization to establish a Community . The petition shall include the name of the proposed Community , a statement of the objects of the proposed Community , the particular field of INSTITUTE interest to be stimulated and developed by the proposed Community , and the reasons why the petitioners deem it wise to establish the Community .
  2. The Committee on Communities and Chapters will present and make recommendations to the Council concerning this petition. The Council shall consider and, when deemed appropriate, approve a request to establish a Probationary Community . The Committee on Communities and Chapters shall assist in the organization of a Probationary Community for a period of not more than two years.
  3. The Executive Committee of the Probationary Community shall prepare Bylaws for the Community , and submit them to the Council through the Committee on Communities and Chapters.
  4. Probationary Communities are required to have a minimum of 10 members prior to being considered for Community status.
  5. At any time within the two year probationary period, the Council may approve the formation of the Community or the dissolution of the Probationary Community . Upon approval of the formation of the Community it becomes eligible to elect a Councilor.

Section 2   
All members of a Community shall be members of the INSTITUTE.
Section 3   
Each Community shall be governed by its Bylaws. A Community shall elect its own officers and a Councilor.
Section 4   
A Community may assess its members dues or raise funds to be expended for its own purposes and may have the entire management and control of said funds.
Section 5   
Any meeting of a Community held as part of a meeting of the INSTITUTE, with the exception of a business meeting, shall be open to all members of the INSTITUTE.
Section 6   
Each Community shall prepare an annual report and submit it to the Committee on Communities and Chapters, including a report on the expenditure of its funds.
Section 7   
Each Community may propose to the Committee on Programs symposia for meetings sponsored by the INSTITUTE.
Section 8   
Any Community may be discontinued by the Council for good and sufficient reasons.


Article VII CHAPTERS
Section 1   

Members of the INSTITUTE affiliated with a single academic institution may petition to charter an Academic Chapter of the INSTITUTE.

  1. Any 5 members of the INSTITUTE who are affiliated with a single academic institution may request in a signed petition to the Student Activities Committee for authorization to establish a Chapter. The request shall include purpose and objectives of the organization, documents pertaining to the organization's governance, and the reasons why the petitioners are seeking to become a Chapter.
  2. The Student Activities Committee shall present and make recommendations to the Council concerning this petition. The Council shall consider and, when deemed appropriate, approve a request to establish a Chapter.

Section 2   
Each Chapter may establish its own membership definitions, bylaws, offices and policies provided they are consistent with the objects of the INSTITUTE.
Section 3   
At least five (5) members of a Chapter must be members of the INSTITUTE, and the faculty advisor of the must be a member.
Section 4   

A Chapter may assess its members dues or raise funds to be expended for its own purposes and may have the entire management and control of said funds.

Section 5   
The Student Activities Committee  shall oversee activities of Chapters. Each Chapter shall be reviewed every five years by the Student Activities Committee.
Section 6   
Each Chapter shall prepare an annual report and submit it by June 1 to the Student Activities Committee.
Section 7   
Any Chapter may be discontinued by the Council for good and sufficient reasons.


Article VII PUBLICATIONS
Section 1   
The INSTITUTE or its Communities may issue or sponsor, independently or with other professional societies, such publications which in the judgment of the Council satisfy the purposes of the INSTITUTE.
Section 2   
Publications of the INSTITUTE shall be made available to members and non-members under conditions prescribed by the Executive Committee.

Article VIII MEETINGS
Section 1   
The INSTITUTE shall hold one annual meeting at such time and place as determined by the Council.
Section 2   

An annual business meeting of the INSTITUTE shall be held at the annual meeting of the INSTITUTE.

  1. Announcements of the business meeting shall be publicized to the membership not less than thirty (30) days before the date of the meeting.
  2. Presence of at least 10 IBE members in good standing will constitute the quorum.
  3. The President will preside over the business meeting.
  4. The Agenda of the business meeting will include reading and approval of minutes of the last business meeting, treasurer’s report and the State of the INSTITUTE given by the President.
  5. The Business Meeting will conclude with the introduction and installation of incoming elected officers of the INSTITUTE and the elected Councilors.
Section 3   
Other meetings may be organized or sponsored by the INSTITUTE or its Communities.


Article IX INDEMNIFICATION OF DIRECTORS AND OFFICERS
Section 1   
The Corporation shall indemnify and hold harmless any director or former director or officer of the Corporation, or any person who may have served at the request as a director or officer of another corporation, whether for profit or not for profit, against expenses actually and necessarily incurred by that person in connection with the defense of any action, suit or proceeding in which that person is made a party by reason of being or having been such director or officer, except in relation to matters as to which that person shall be adjudged in such action, suit, or proceeding to be liable for fraud in performance or nonperformance of a duty.

Article X DISSOLUTION
Section 1   
Anything to the contrary notwithstanding, the purpose or purposes for which the INSTITUTE is organized are limited to such as will qualify it as an exempt organization under Section 501(c)(3) of the Internal Revenue Code. Upon dissolution of the INSTITUTE the Council shall distribute all remaining assets to such organization that are also exempt from Federal Income Tax under Section 501(c)(3) of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986 or Successor Statutory Authority.

Article XI AMENDMENTS TO THE CONSTITUTION
Section 1   
Any 25 members of the INSTITUTE may propose an amendment to the CONSTITUTION in a signed petition to the Bylaws Committee of the Council.
Section 2   
The Bylaws committee, on behalf of the Council or the membership, may propose in writing an amendment to the Constitution.
Section 3   
Each petition or proposal for amendment to the Constitution shall be considered by ballot made available to all members of the INSTITUTE. At least 50% of the membership must vote, and amendments will pass with 67% approval of the voting members.

Article XII AMENDMENTS TO THESE BYLAWS
Section 1   
Any 25 members of the INSTITUTE may propose an amendment to these Bylaws in a signed petition to the Bylaws Committee of the Council.
Section 2   
The Bylaws committee, on behalf of the Council or the membership, may propose in writing an amendment to these Bylaws to the Council.
Section 3   
Each petition or proposal for amendment shall be considered at that meeting of the Council which immediately follows receipt of the petition by the Bylaws Committee.

Article XIII EFFECTIVE DATE
Section 1   
These Bylaws became effective on the twenty-third day of June, nineteen hundred and ninety-five.
Section 2   

These Bylaws were amended on the twelfth day of July nineteen hundred and ninety-eight, the 20th day of July, two thousand and four, the 3rd and 6th days of March and 31st day of May, two thousand and five, the 12th day of March, two thousand and six, the 9th day of March, two thousand and eight, and the XX day of March, two thousand and twelve.